Urfa chilies, also known as Isot pepper, are Turkish. They are named after Urfa located in Turkey where the chilies are grown. Urfa has a rich earthy flavor, an aroma of tobacco and smoke, and has high essential oil content. Urfa is typically used when preparing meat for cooking, but can be used by sprinkling on pastas, pizzas, and salads. It has a heat level of 3-4.